1. Nutrient management, including farmyard manure, legumes and catch/cover crops: availability, reduction of losses, quality of the harvested product, ecological impact.
2. Quality of recycled organic waste products/organic matter from the cities and industries: quality criteria for use, treatment methods, hygienic aspects (no transfer of pathogens), environmental quality aspects (heavy metals and organic micro-pollutants), nutrient content and availability.
3. Fertilization in greenhouses: nutrient management.
4. Stockless farming: soil fertility, nutrient supply and management, growing of catch/cover crops, economy, rotation system research under various regional conditions.
5. Soil fertility/structure: indicators, methods for monitoring, avoidance of soil erosion, comparisons, methods for improvement.
1. Alternatives/reduction for Copper-salts.
2. Evaluation of inputs: environmental assessment for registration, facilitating and harmonization of the official registration practice for agents for control of plant pests and diseases, database.
3. Diseases of seed (seed-borne), seedlings and other propagation materials: methods of controlling, prevention or reduction.
4. Pest & disease control, especially in horticulture, fruit and wine growing: improved and regionally adapted methods for organic farming.
1. Non-chemical weed control, especially in vegetables, sugar- and fodder beet: improvement of non-chemical weed control equipment and methods, influence on nutrients availability, studies on energy use and energy input reduction, environmental impact studies, influence on soil structure.
2. Control of perennial weeds, especially in stockless farming systems.
1. Organic seed breeding/production (without GMO and without chemical seed coatings): survey, development
2. plant propagation systems.
3. variety screening in organic farming systems: regional adaptation.
1. Storage techniques - without chemical treatment/irradiation.
2. Evaluation of additives, processing aids, cleaning agents: environmental assessment for registration, facilitating and harmonization of the official registration practice, database for additives, processing aids and cleaning and disinfecting agents.
1. Animal friendly functional housing and feeding systems (based on ethnological knowledge): especially for pigs, poultry.
2. Disease and parasite prevention in Organic Animal Husbandry.
3. Alternative to chemical medicines and antibiotics: homeopathic and herbal treatments, acupuncture and acupressure and other non-medical treatment methods.
4. Protein availability in animal Feeding - feeding strategies, quality management systems, crops (natural sources of amino acids, e.g. methionine, lysine), techniques to assess the nutrient availability for the animals in fodder crops and silage.
5. Animal friendly transport and slaughter systems.
6. Improved breeds adapted to local conditions (cattle, pigs, poultry): developing breeding aims for organic husbandry, testing systems, product quality, economy.
7. Milk and meat production based on roughage.
8. Adapted fodder preservation techniques: without chemical preservatives, less energy consuming storage systems.
1. Impact of 2092/91, and national standards/regulations and support policies on the development of Organic Farming: Consumer confidence, organic standards database, analysis of the interaction with market development, need for the development of further standards on organic production (e.g. non-food) and Policy developments.
2. Long-term development and monitoring systems on (representative) pilot farms: conversion process, economy, sustainability (i.e. environmental impact studies).
3. Policy Support systems for extension and training: evaluation, implementation systems, improvement.
1. Socio-economic and ecological performance studies on farm level and society level: influence of CAP Reform, national policies and market developments.
2. New concepts of sustainable land use and landscape development with organic farming methods (in urban as well as rural areas), especially in relation to biodiversity and environmental aspects.
1. Food quality: improved holistic methods, influence of specific production/processing methods on food quality parameters
2. Consumer inquiries: consumer confidence, expectation of the organic production method and organic products, willingness to pay a premium price for organic products on national and regional levels.
3. Regional conversion/market development for organic production and new forms of co-operation, mainly on a regional level: evaluation of different forms of cooperation (between producers, processors, traders, consumers), comparison of structures, market potential, economic efficiency, political support systems, economic, social and environmental impact within the region, promotion systems, especially in economically less developed areas.
1. Control/identification systems to guarantee/detect non-use of GMO (Genetically engineered/modified organisms: e.g. certification systems.
2. Energy supply based on renewable resources (not on fossil fuel) in organic farming systems (without synthetic fertilizers or pesticides).
Forschungsinstitut fuer biologischen Landbau, FiBL
Research Institute of Organic Agriculture
Tel. +41-62-8657272, Fax +41-62-8657273
Ackerstrasse, CH-5070 Frick
e-mail: email@example.com, Internet http://www.fibl.ch